Cancer - Prevention

Septin9-Test
Detection of colorectal cancer

Septin9 test: A simple blood test for the detection of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Until now more than 230.000 people die of this disease within the european region. Although, CRC is curable if diagnosed early. A preventive screening on a regular basis is therefore of primordial importancel and should be an essential part of a general health check-up of people 50 years and older.

Concerning a preventive screening for CRC there is the possibility to regularly check the stool for occult blood. Furthermore, there is the possibility to carry out a colonoscopy that can be repeated after 10 years if the patient has been tested negative. Even though both screening methods have been proven to be very effective, the acceptance within the population is low. Reasons for the low acceptance are a dismissive attitude towards self-retrieved stool samples and towards colonoscopy. Therefore the Septin9-test offers a simple, non-invasive alternative for a preventive screening.

How does the test work?
In many diseases associated with tumors the methylation pattern of several genes can change. In colorectal cancer the Septin9 gene is methylated within a certain promotor region while it is not methylated in cells of the healthy intestinal mucosa.This methylated DNA can be detected by the Septin9 blood test. Only 1 blood draw is necessary.

How are the results of the Septin9 test interpreted?
A negative test result means that methylated Septin9-DNA could not be detected. So with this method, a  
CRC can be excluded. The negative predictive value of this test is 99,9%. That means that 999 of 1000 patients tested negative are correctly classified as being CRC negative (with an assumed CRC prevalence of 0,7%). A positive test result means that there is an increased likelihood for the presence of colorectal cancer. Since 45,7% of the patients tested positive are truly positve (positive predictive value) individuals with a positive test result are requested to undergo a colonoscopy for a definitive diagnosis.

Profile short chain fatty acids

A balanced ratio of short-chain fatty acids is essential for intestinal health

Short-chain fatty acids are formed in the intestine during the metabolism of fibers and complex carbohydrates by bacteria. The fatty acids acetate, propionate and butyrate are particularly important: they are the main source of energy for the intestinal epithelium, stimulate the formation of mucus, have anti-inflammatory effects (mainly butyrate) and counteract weigh increase (mainly propionate).

A balanced ratio of short-chain fatty acids is thus essential for intestinal health. With the help of the profile for short-chain fatty acids, targeted nutritional measures as well as combinations with special probiotics can be taken.

Vitamins

To diagnose vitamin deficiencies

Vitamins are crucial parts of biochemical conversions in the body, such as co-factors in enzyme reactions and play an important role against oxidative stress. Deficiency or excess of vitamins can lead to a decreased function of several (organ) systems and the human body as a whole. Therefore, vitamin testing gives insight into absolute and relative deficiencies, and provides information about the impact of dietary changes and supplementations.

Laboratoires Réunis offers the following tests related to vitamins:

  • Vitamin B3
  • folic acid (vitamin B9)
  • Vitamin B12
  • Holotranscobalamin (active vitamin B12)
  • Biotin (vitamin H)
Minerals

To detect deficiencies across the mineral spectrum

Minerals are dissolved substances that are present within and outside the body cell. They are essential for several metabolic processes like enzyme activation, regulation of water balance and pH. Increased or decreased levels can impair metabolic processes and additionally give information about possible diseases.

Laboratoires Réunis offers complete analysis of minerals including sodium, potassium, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc, selenium. Single analysis on demand.