Men's health

Neurotransmitters

An optimal neurotransmitter balance is necessary to maintain proper health

Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers used by the nervous system to relay information from one nerve to another. An optimal neurotransmitter balance is necessary to maintain proper health. Imbalances can cause the brain and the body to be over- or under-stimulated, producing neurological or psychological symptoms as anxiety, depression, chronic fatigue, insomnia or impulsivity.

At Laboratoires Réunis we offer the following neurotransmitters stress profiles:

  • Neurotransmitter stress profile basic (serotonin, dopamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline)
  • Neurotransmitter stress profile complete (catecholamines, glutamate, GABA, serotonin, creatinine)

These three neurotransmitter catabolites reflect the activity of neurotransmitters involved in cognitive functions and in the control of mood:

  • Vanillylmandelic acid
  • Homovanillic acid
  • 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid
Septin9-Test
Detection of colorectal cancer

Septin9 test: A simple blood test for the detection of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Until now more than 230.000 people die of this disease within the european region. Although, CRC is curable if diagnosed early. A preventive screening on a regular basis is therefore of primordial importancel and should be an essential part of a general health check-up of people 50 years and older.

Concerning a preventive screening for CRC there is the possibility to regularly check the stool for occult blood. Furthermore, there is the possibility to carry out a colonoscopy that can be repeated after 10 years if the patient has been tested negative. Even though both screening methods have been proven to be very effective, the acceptance within the population is low. Reasons for the low acceptance are a dismissive attitude towards self-retrieved stool samples and towards colonoscopy. Therefore the Septin9-test offers a simple, non-invasive alternative for a preventive screening.

How does the test work?
In many diseases associated with tumors the methylation pattern of several genes can change. In colorectal cancer the Septin9 gene is methylated within a certain promotor region while it is not methylated in cells of the healthy intestinal mucosa.This methylated DNA can be detected by the Septin9 blood test. Only 1 blood draw is necessary.

How are the results of the Septin9 test interpreted?
A negative test result means that methylated Septin9-DNA could not be detected. So with this method, a  
CRC can be excluded. The negative predictive value of this test is 99,9%. That means that 999 of 1000 patients tested negative are correctly classified as being CRC negative (with an assumed CRC prevalence of 0,7%). A positive test result means that there is an increased likelihood for the presence of colorectal cancer. Since 45,7% of the patients tested positive are truly positve (positive predictive value) individuals with a positive test result are requested to undergo a colonoscopy for a definitive diagnosis.

FlorInScan

A balanced intestinal flora is essential for optimal health

FlorInScan

Laboratoires Réunis has many years of experience in the field of intestinal health and stool analysis. For nearly 17 years, we have been offering the FlorInScan extensive stool analysis. The individual profiles are continuously developed and adapted according to the latest scientific findings.

The following FlorInScan and other profiles are available at Laboratoires Réunis for targeted diagnostics and prevention:

FlorInScan includes the classical, quantitative, culture-based determination of fecal microflora (aerobic and anaerobic flora, fungi and yeasts), as well as the analysis of digestive performance by determining food residues,  the pH value and pancreatic elastase. An examination for occult blood in stool is also included. FlorInScan is an important component of preventive and personalized medicine for unclear gastrointestinal complaints or diseases of allergic or immunological origin.

FlorInScan Plus is an advanced screening: in addition to the determination of fecal microflora status, digestive performance and blood in stool, immunological and inflammatory markers (secretory IgA, calprotectin and alpha-1-antitrypsin) are included. These markers allow conclusions on invasive mucosal changes and permeability disorders, e.g. in the context of allergies and chronic inflammatory processes or tumors.

FlorInScan microbiome profile is our newly developed extensive profile based on molecular microbiome analysis. It includes the determination and quantification of health-related, anaerobic bacteria, which can only be detected by molecular genetic methods.

The FlorInScan microbiome profile ideally complements the classic, cultural-based FlorInScan analysis. The analysis of these relevant bacterial groups can additionally be included in the medical interpretation and prevention of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), irritable bowel syndrome, colon cancer and diabetes as well as in further therapy.

PROSTATEgen

Preventive genetic test against sporadic prostate cancer

Preventive genetic test against sporadic prostate cancer

Recommendations based on variations of polymorphisms involved in dihydrotestosterone levels and five other genetic variations which play an important role in the early stages of carcinogenesis. PROSTATEgen is recommended in case of family history of prostate cancer.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

LIPIDgen

Preventive genetic test against atherosclerosis

Preventive genetic test against atherosclerosis

The test analyzes genetic polymorphisms known to be involved in the development of atherosclerosis as well as in its underlying causes such as lipid metabolic disorders. LIPIDgen is recommended to people with a family history of type III familial hypercholesterolemia or atherosclerosis, or if the patient presents very high levels of HDL, LDL or total cholesterol.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

DIABETOgen

Preventive genetic test against type II diabetes

Preventive genetic test against type II diabetes

The test analyzes polymorphisms involved in mechanisms linked to type II diabetes such as insulin and leptin sensitivity and other risk factors such as overweight.

DIABETOgen is indicated in case of family history of type II diabetes and/or metabolic syndrome.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

DETOXgen

Preventive genetic test for phase I & II detoxification

Preventive genetic test for phase I & II detoxification

This test analyzes key genes involved in xenobiotics and drug metabolism, e.g. detoxification of insecticides, herbicides, nicotine, alcohol and carcinogenic substrates. DETOXgen is especially appropriate as a basic profile for anti-aging treatment and allows to improve detoxification capacities in order to prevent environmental diseases.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

FITgen

Preventive genetic profile dedicated to physical activity

Preventive genetic profile dedicated to physical activity

FITgen analyzes genetic polymorphisms involved in energy expenditure, motivation, muscular capacity, heart and lung capacity, recovery after injury and strength/endurance. FITgen helps to opt for the most adapted physical activity according to one‘s capacities.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

CARDIOgen

Preventive genetic test against cardiovascular diseases

Preventive genetic test against cardiovascular diseases

The test analyzes polymorphisms involved in oxidative stress, hypertension, homocysteine, lipid metabolism disorders and thrombosis.

CARDIOgen can be carried out in case of a family history of cardiovascular diseases, suspicion of cardiovascular diseases, lipid and homocysteine metabolism disorders and arterial hypertension.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

COLOgen

Preventive genetic test against sporadic colorectal carcinoma

Preventive genetic test against sporadic colorectal carcinoma

Genetic polymorphisms analyzed in COLOgen target a pathway involved in cell growth, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. COLOgen should be prescribed to individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer or of intestinal polyps.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

Well-being

Detoxification capacities, cardiovascular diseases, skin and dental health, weight, bone health, physical and mental fitness

Complete preventive genetic profile entirely dedicated to anti-aging

The Well-being profile covers detoxification capacities, cardiovascular diseases, skin and dental health, weight management, bone health, physical and mental fitness. The results provide personalized and detailed recommendations on nutrition, diet, micronutrition and lifestyle.

The Well-being profile is meant for health-conscious individuals who want to maintain their health conditions by taking appropriate measures for a better aging.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited  laboratory.

ALOPECIAgen

Androgen receptor and three other polymorphisms involved in androgenetic alopecia

Preventive genetic test against androgenetic alopecia

ALOPECIAgen targets the androgen receptor and three other polymorphisms involved in the development of androgenetic alopecia. The ALOPECIAgen profile analyzes and allows to distinguish between three different risk groups before the occurrence of any symptoms.

Depending on the risk and the gender, a treatment with minoxidil and/or finasteride may be recommended. Other nutrigenetic and lifestyle recommendations given in the profile may contribute to the prevention of androgenetic alopecia.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

PLAC Test
Determination of the stroke and heart attack risk

Innovative blood test to determine the individual risk of stroke and heart attack

The PLAC® test is an innovative risk marker that measures the enzymatic activity of Lp-PLA2 (lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2), a specific biomarker for vascular inflammation involved in the formation of unstable plaques that cause majority of cardiovascular events. 

This easy blood test for the detec­tion of Lp-PLA2 offers a more individual risk assess­ment than the usual examinations. Approximately 70% of the heart attacks and most of the strokes are caused by rupture of vascular de­posits, also called atherosclerotic plaques.

Who should be tested and when?

Men ≥ 45; women ≥ 55 with at least 2 of these risk factors:

  • Hypertension
  • History of cardiovascular diseases or diabetes
  • Overweight
  • Increased cholesterol levels
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise

Results and Interpretation

The determination of Lp-PLA2 (a vessel-specific inflammation enzyme) shows if plaques are located within the arte­rial vessel wall that tend to rupture. The PLAC®-Test results allow to stratify the individual risk of a patient and ad­just the treatment depending on the results.

Additional information:

The PLAC®-Test is a CE-labelled test.

 

Lyme borreliosis

Lyme borreliosis is the most common bacterial disease in Europe transmitted by ticks. Depending on the region 5-35% of the ticks are infected. The clinical manifestations are multi-faceted; especially the chronic form with inflammation of the nervous system, the heart muscle and the joints is a therapeutic challenge. Efficient diagnostic tests are therefore essential for appropriate treatment measures.

The following tests are available at Laboratoires Réunis for targeted diagnostics and prevention:

  • Serology
  • ELIspot
  • Borrelia detection in ticks (PCR)
  • LTT (only available in Luxembourg)
Profile short chain fatty acids

A balanced ratio of short-chain fatty acids is essential for intestinal health

Short-chain fatty acids are formed in the intestine during the metabolism of fibers and complex carbohydrates by bacteria. The fatty acids acetate, propionate and butyrate are particularly important: they are the main source of energy for the intestinal epithelium, stimulate the formation of mucus, have anti-inflammatory effects (mainly butyrate) and counteract weigh increase (mainly propionate).

A balanced ratio of short-chain fatty acids is thus essential for intestinal health. With the help of the profile for short-chain fatty acids, targeted nutritional measures as well as combinations with special probiotics can be taken.

BACTOdent Plus

Analysis of seven marker pathogens for periodontitis

Marker bacteria for periodontitis

Periodontitis and peri-implantitis are caused by periodontal bacteria and are generally preceded by gingivitis.
BACTOdent Plus is a highly specific profile to effectively determine 7 relevant marker pathogens for periodontitis.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

DETOXgen micronutrition

Genes implied in phase I and phase II detoxification

DETOXgen micronutrition test is a preventive genetic profile for the determination of the phase I and phase II detoxification genes.

Micronutrition recommendations that are likely to have an impact on the genes and therefore on the enzymes function are widely detailed for each genetic variation.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

Histamine Intolerance

Various targeted analyses to detect histamine intolerance

Laboratoires Réunis offers various  targeted examination methods for the detection of histamine intolerance:

  • Determination of DAO activity in serum
  • Determination of histamine concentration in stool
  • HISTAMINgen: genetic study of the DAO gene. This test determines if there is a genetic predisposition to histamine intolerance.
ImuPro

IgG food allergy testing and nutritional guidance

The ImuPro Concept - Diagnostics and unique post-test guidance

With an IgG food allergy (also called type III food allergy), the immune system reacts to usually harmless food allergens and produces specific antibodies, called IgG antibodies. These antibodies can then cause inflammatory reactions which may lead to various chronic complaints; the symptoms appear delayed up to three days after the consumption of a trigger food.

How does an IgG food allergy develop? Due to medicines, infections, mycosis, stress and environmental poisons, the integrity of the intestinal wall can be damaged and food components can slip between the intestinal cells. In some cases this triggers an immune response and the immune system starts to produce specific IgG antibodies against them.

ImuPro is a concept that combines a sophisticated and reliable blood analysis for IgG food allergies with unique post-test guidance. In an extensive laboratory analysis, high levels of IgG antibodies specific to particular food proteins are identified. The lab provides the doctor and patient with the test results and personal nutritional guidelines.

ImuPro is recommended in case of:

Bloating, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), headache, migraine, obesity, depression, skin and joint problems.

ImuPro options:

· ImuPro Screen provides an individual analysis of 22 foods. It is a simple way to find out quickly whether an IgG food allergy might exist. It is a purely diagnostic examination and does not include any dietary recommendations.

· ImuPro Basic tests the 90 most important foods, such as typical kinds of meat, vegetables, fruits, cereals, dairy products and chicken egg. As well as a comprehensive report with accurate results at a glance, the documents will contain personal nutritional guidelines including individual recommendations.

· ImuPro Basic+ analyzes 180 foods. In addition to the typical most common vegetables, meat, fruits, cereals, dairy products and eggs, their alternatives and region-specific foods are also tested. The patients receives a comprehensive report with accurate results at the glance, nutritional guidelines including individual recommendations and a recipe book.

· ImuPro Complete tests 270 foods and additives (incl. the 90 foods in ImuPro Basic). In addition to the typical kinds of meat, vegetables, fruits, cereals, milk and egg, their alternatives and region-specific foods are also tested. Furthermore, a huge number of spices, tea, coffee, wine and also thickening agents and preservatives are examined. You will receive a comprehensive report with accurate results at a glance and personal nutritional guidelines which lead you through your change in diet. Your results pack also includes individual recommendations and a recipe book which is specifically tailored to your personal needs.

MethylAge

Test if your lifestyle affects your metabolism

Actual Biological Age estimation 

  

Feeling old too soon? Test if your Lifestyle affects your metabolism. 

Epigenetics is a mechanism that allows to adapt gene expression to environmental factors. Your birthday gives a chronological age, some epigenetic biomarkers may give another biological one. This test will help change or reinforce good habits for a younger biological age. 

MTHFR methylentetrahydrofolate reductase

Increased homocysteine levels can increase the risk of thrombosis and atherosclerosis

Homocysteinemia

A thermolabile variant of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, caused by a mutation at position 677, is associated with an increased homocysteine level. An increased homocysteine level can increase the risk of developing thrombosis and atherosclerosis.

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited laboratory.

NICOTINEgen (nicotine addiction)

Preventive genetic test against nicotine addiction

Preventive genetic test against nicotine addiction

The NICOTINEgen profile characterizes genetic variations in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor associated with nicotine addiction. Results allow to define the risk of addiction and to facilitate the choice between a nicotine replacement therapy (patches or chewing-gum containing nicotine) or a medical therapy (e.g. bupropion or varenicline).

This test is carried out on a sub-contracted basis by an accredited  laboratory.

Oxidative stress

Imbalance between antioxidants and free radicals

Oxidative stress

Oxygen is vital because it allows the production of energy from organic matter. Paradoxically, oxygen can also be harmful: physiological processes such as cellular respiration or protective mechanisms of the body constantly produce highly reactive oxygen compounds, including free radicals, all highly toxic.

Oxidative stress is defined as a disturbance in the balance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to neutralize them leading to an accumulation of free radicals. Oxidative stress over a long period may promote the development of diseases: cardiovascular diseases, chronic infectious diseases, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases and even cancer. Besides, oxidative stress plays also an important role in aging.

The factors or conditions below may contribute to oxidative stress:

  • Heavy physical efforts
  • Unbalanced diet
  • Consumption of tobacco and alcohol
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Physical or mental stress
  • Chronic and inflammatory diseases
  • Treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, oral contraception
  • Pollution, UV radiation
  • Infections

There is a conclusive link between high levels of oxidative stress and a patient’s health.
However, in more than 80% of cases, it is possible to reduce oxidative stress and thus to improve health status, regardless of clinical context or patient’s age.

Targeted laboratory diagnoses are therefore essential for an early diagnosis and treatment of oxidative stress.

Laboratoires Réunis offers, in addition to a wide range of individual analyses, the following laboratory diagnostic profiles for the detection of oxidative stress:

  • Oxidative stress-base profile: antioxidative capacity, oxidized LDL and 8-OHdG
  • Profile of complete oxidative stress: antioxidant capacity, 8-OHdG, oxidized LDL, SOD, GPX, Se, Zn, Vit A & E, ubiquinone, citrulline, nitrotyrosine,
  • Nitrosative stress profile: ubiquinone, nitrotyrosine, nitrophenylacetic acid, citrulline
Vitamins

To diagnose vitamin deficiencies

Vitamins are crucial parts of biochemical conversions in the body, such as co-factors in enzyme reactions and play an important role against oxidative stress. Deficiency or excess of vitamins can lead to a decreased function of several (organ) systems and the human body as a whole. Therefore, vitamin testing gives insight into absolute and relative deficiencies, and provides information about the impact of dietary changes and supplementations.

Laboratoires Réunis offers the following tests related to vitamins:

  • Vitamin B3
  • folic acid (vitamin B9)
  • Vitamin B12
  • Holotranscobalamin (active vitamin B12)
  • freeVitaminDgen (genetic test to determine the bio-availability of free vitamin D)
  • Biotin (vitamin H)
Minerals

To detect deficiencies across the mineral spectrum

Minerals are dissolved substances that are present within and outside the body cell. They are essential for several metabolic processes like enzyme activation, regulation of water balance and pH. Increased or decreased levels can impair metabolic processes and additionally give information about possible diseases.

Laboratoires Réunis offers complete analysis of minerals including sodium, potassium, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc, selenium. Single analysis on demand.